IRAL, International Review of Applied Linguistics volume:38:213-228.
This study analyses the effect of different bilingual education models on the development of linguistic creativity. The sample was made up of 252 students of grades 5 (10-11 year olds) and 8 (13-14 year olds) and the study was completed in the Basque Country. Students were enrolled in three different bilingual education models: model A (a regular program with the L2, Basque, as a subject), model B (a partial immersion program) and model D (a total immersion program).
The results only showed significant differences in grade 8 in favour of model B and model D students when compared to model A students. Therefore, it is concluded (with caution) that the two bilingual programs available in the Basque Country have an effect on the promotion of linguistic creativity in the long run when compared to the monolingual program (model A), although it is stated the need for further research, preferably longitudinal studies.